Around the 12th century, even before Buddhism was introduced, the culture of Amulet in Thailand had begun. The amulets were collected and worshiped consecrated by shaping different stones, clay, soil, and other materials that were present during that era by the ancient Thai tribal people. And when people got familiar with Buddhism while introduced in Thailand, most of the Buddhist Thai monks adapted to this amulet.
Thai amulet started to gain popularity around the 1800s during the rule of King Rama V. And around the same time, a powerful monk named Somdej Toh of Wat Rakhang consecrated what Thai people believed to be the most potent amulet produced named Phra Somdej. The Phra Somdej is still one of the most Busddhist images on Thai amulets, but the most powerful Phra Somdej is still one consecrated by the originator Somdej Toh.
Many say that tribal people probably wore or kept magical talismans before they were introduced to Buddhism. And when the Thai Kingdom evolved, and Buddhism was introduced, the ancient practices were not erased, as is often the goal of significant religions that seek to dominate past practices.
Buddhism is tolerant, and monks have made most amulets with pre-Buddhist symbols. A talisman or genuine Thai amulets can counteract adverse events, illness, black magic, evil spirits, or misfortune, such as accidents or assault. Not just that, small moulded Buddha images were often buried inspires along with the ashes of famous monks and Royal persons, and these older ones have been excavated and used as powerful amulets.
Nowadays, almost every Thai wear or keeps multiple amulets. They sometimes believe having an extensive collection at home apart from those worn with necklaces and waist cords under the shirt. Amulet collecting is a vast national Thai pastime.
If it is to be considered, the practice of stamping amulets was originated from India, the actual birthplace of Buddhism. The making of amulets is part of meditation practice, religious exercise, merit-making was the primary purpose for their production. They are worn practically by most Thai people, and many people from Thailand are avid collectors of amulets and are mainly devoted to amulet interests in modern Thailand.
Ancient articles from India, such as Buddha’s pictures or ornaments, have been found in numerous countries in Asia. In Thailand, enormous quantities of Buddhist consecrated items from India have been found because the old Thailand was what used to be a business and exchanging focus among India and China, particularly in the rich Peninsula Thailand.
In the early centuries, according to Buddhist beliefs, power and prosperity have the same highest frequency, mercy and fertility have the second-highest, protection is the third, and happiness and luck are the least frequent.
This reflects that Thai people who believe in amulets need their help for more power and prosperity, which are difficult to do by their capacities. It may take time and effort. If there is a magic power to help them have more confidence, they may achieve it faster. Indeed, it shows that Thai people depend on superstition more than on their karma.